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[[Datoteka:San pietro in vincoli 051218-01.JPG|mini|Fasada bazilike]]
'''San Pietro in Vincoli''' (hrv. Sveti Petar u okovima ) je [[rimokatolička crkva]] i [[bazilika]] u [[Rim]]u, poznata po [[Michelangelo]]voj statui [[Mojsije|Mojsija]], dijelu groba pape [[Julije II.|Julija II.]].
 
==Povijest==
AlsoPoznata knowni as thekao ''Basilica Eudoxiana'', itsagrađena wasje firstprvo rebuiltna onstarim olderostacima foundations<ref>Excavations in 1956-59 revealed older foundation of the same dimensions, rising on Roman remains of various periods, the oldest dating to [[Roman Republic|Republican times]] (Touring Club Italiano, ''Roma e dintorni'', Milan, 1965:337-39).</ref> inizmeđu 432-440. toi house440. theda [[relic]]bi ofse theu chainsnjoj that boundsmjestile [[Sveti Petar]] when he was imprisoned in [[Jeruzalem]], the episode called the [[Liberation of Saint Peter]]. The Empress [[Licinia EudoxiaRelikvija|Eudoxiarelikvije]] (wifeokova ofkojima Emperorje [[ValentinijanSveti III.Petar]]), whobio receivedokovan them as a gift from her mother,u [[Aelia EudociaJeruzalem]]u, consortpoznatim ofiz [[Valentinijanepizode II.]],''Oslobođenje presentedSvetog the chains to [[Lav I.]]Petra''. Aelia Eudocia had received these chains as a gift from Iuvenalis, bishop of Jerusalem.
 
Carica Licinia Eudoxia (supruga cara [[Valentinijan III.|Valentinijana III.]]), dobila je okove kao poklon svoje majke Aelie Eudocie supruge bizantskog cara [[Teodozije II.|Teodozija II.]], koje je pokazala papi [[Lav I.|Lav I.]]. Aelia Eudocia je dobila ove okove kao poklon od Iuvenalis, Jeruzalemskog biskupa. Prema legendi, kada ih je Lav uporedio sa okovima kojima je Sveti Petar bio okovan u rimskom Mamertine zatvoru, dvoji su se okovi čudesno spojili. <ref>In this way two provenances were fused.</ref> Okovi se čuvaju u [[relikvijar]]u ispod baziličkog glavnog oltara.
According to legend, when Lav, while he compared them to the chains of St. Peter's final imprisonment in the [[Mamertine Prison]] in Rome, the two chains miraculously fused together.<ref>In this way two provenances were fused.</ref> The chains are kept in a [[reliquary]] under the main altar in the basilica.
 
Baziliku kojuje 439. posvetio papa [[Siksto III.]], prolazi kroz nekoliko restauracija, između ostalih [[Hadrijan I.]] i u 11. stoljeću.
The basilica, consecrated in 439 by [[Siksto III.]], has undergone several restorations, among them a restoration by [[Hadrijan I.]], and further work in the eleventh century. From 1471 to 1503, in which year he was elected [[Julije II.]], Cardinal Della Rovere, the nephew of pape [[Siksto IV.]], effected notable rebuilding. The front [[portico]], attributed to [[Baccio Pontelli]], was added in 1475. The [[closter]] (1493-1503) has been attributed to [[Giuliano da Sangallo]]. Further work was done at the beginning of the 18th century, under Francesco Fontana, and there was also a renovation in 1875.
 
The ''[[Titulus]] S. Petri ad vincula'' was assigned on November 20, 2010, to [[Donald Wuerl]]. The previous [[Cardinal Priest]] of the basilica was Pío Laghi, who died on January 11, 2009.
[[Michelangelo's Moses|Michelangelo's ''Moses'']] (completed in 1515), while originally intended as part of a massive 47-statue, free-standing funeral monument for [[Pope Julius II]], became the centerpiece of the Pope's funeral monument and tomb in this, the church of [[della Rovere family]]. Moses is depicted with horns, connoting "the radiance of the Lord", due to the similarity in the Hebrew words for "beams of light" and "horns". This kind of iconographic symbolism was common in early sacred art, and for an artist horns are easier to sculpt than rays of light.
 
Other works of art include two canvases of ''Saint Augustine'' and ''St. Margaret'' by [[Guercino]], the monument of [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal]] [[Girolamo Agucchi]] designed by [[Domenichino]], who is also the painter of a sacristy fresco depicting the ''Liberation of St. Peter'' (1604). The [[altarpiece]] on the first chapel to the left is a ''[[Deposition from the Cross|Deposition]]'' by [[Cristoforo Roncalli]]. The tomb of Cardinal [[Nicholas of Kues]] (d 1464), with its [[relief]], ''Cardinal Nicholas before St Peter'', is by [[Andrea Bregno]]. Painter and sculptor [[Antonio Pollaiuolo]] is buried at the left side of the entrance. He is the Florentine sculptor who added the figures of [[Romulus and Remus]] to the sculpture of the [[Capitoline Wolf]] on the Capitol. <ref>"Sculpture" . ''The Oxford Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture.'' Ed. [[John B. Hattendorf]]. Oxford University Press, 2007.</ref> The tomb of Cardinal [[Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini]], decorated with imagery of the Grim Reaper, is also in the church.
 
In 1876 archeologists discovered the tombs of those once believed to be the [[Woman with seven sons|seven Maccabean martyrs]] depicted in 2 Maccabees 7-41.<ref>Taylor Marshall, <em>The Crucified Rabbi: Judaism and the Origins of the Catholic Christianity</em>, Saint John Press, 2009 ISBN 978-0-578-03834-6 page 170.</ref> It is highly unlikely that these are in fact the Jewish martyrs that had offered their lives in Jerusalem. They are remembered each year on 1 August, the same day as the miracle of the fusing of the two chains.
[[file:San_Pietro_in_Vincoli_-_ceiling,_Rome_retouched.jpg|18th century fresco, ''The Miracle of the Chains'' in the center of the coffered ceiling by [[Giovanni Battista Parodi]] (1706).|thumb|240px]]
The third altar in the left aisle holds a mosaic of [[Saint Sebastian]] from the seventh century. This mosaic is related to an outbreak of plague in [[Pavia]], in northern Italy. It would only stop if an altar was built for St. Sebastian in the church of S. Pietro in Vincoli in that city. Somehow this story also became accepted in Rome. Hence the altar.
 
<gallery>
Image:Moses San Pietro in Vincoli.jpg| Statua [[Michelangelo]]vog Mojsija u bazilici
<!-- Deleted image removed: Image:San Pietro in Vincoli interior.jpg|Interior ofUnutrašnjost the basilicabazilike -->
Image:Roma san pietro in vincoli catene.jpg|[[ReliquaryRelikvijar]] containingsa theokovima chainsSvetog of St. PeterPetra
File:Sanpietroinvincoli.jpg|Freske Giacoma Coppia iz (1577.)
File:S. Pietro in Vincoli 017.JPG|Mozaik Svetog Sebastijana
{{izvori}}
*Federico Gizzi, ''Le chiese medievali di Roma'', Newton Compton/Rome, 1998.
 
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==Vanjske poveznice==
*[http://www.romecity.it/Sanpietroinvincoli.htm San Pietro in Vincoli na romecity.it]
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