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[[Image:Borg dockingstation.jpg|thumb|Borg lutka u postavi The Hollywood Entertainment Museum-a]]
 
U tekstualnim komentarima 'Izdanja za sakupljače' filma ''Zvjezdane staze: First Contact'', Michael Okuda je otkrio kako su autori ''Nove Generacije'' počeli raditi na ideji Borga još tijekom prve sezone serije (Nova Generacija: Zavjera), koja je uvela prinudnu, simbiotsku vrstu koja je preuzimala uloge važnih Federacijskih časnika. Enterprise-D je sve spriječio, a bića se više nisu pojavila. Planovi tima za reintegraciju Borga u seriju započeli su suptilno, misterijem nedostajućih kolonija s obje strane Neutralne zone ([[Zvjezdane staze: Nova generacija|Nova Generacija]]: Neutralna zona), kulminirajući u susretu Borga i posade Enterprise-a ([[Zvjezdane staze: Nova generacija|Nova Generacija]]: Koji [[Q tko?]]).
 
Borg je nastao zbog potrebe za novim, trajnim neprijateljem u prvoj sezoni ''Nove Generacije''. Klingonsko Carstvo se sprijateljilo s Federacijom, a Romulanci se nisu često pojavljivali. [[Ferengiji]] su bili namjenjeni kao novi neprijatelji Federacije, ali zbog komičnog izgleda i predanosti kapitalizmu, nisu se uspjeli iskazati kao vrijedni neprijatelji. Naknadno su ponovno ubačeni u seriju zbog komičnosti. Borg, sa zastrašujućim izgledom, ogromnom moći, i, najvažnije, zlobnim motivom, je postao glavni neprijatelj tijekom ''Nove Generacije'' i ''Voyagera''. U epizodi ''Voyagera'': Q2, čak i Q kaže svom sinu da "ne provocira Borga."
Borgovska kolektivna svijest ima nekoliko nedostataka: radilice obično ignoriraju bilo što što se ne pokaže kao izravna prijetnja (ukoliko im nije naređen napad), što omogućuje naoružanoj ali pasivnoj posadi da hoda među njima sve dok Borg ne zamijeti prijetnju.
 
Najvažnija komponenta bilo kojeg Borga je "kortikalni čvor", koji kontrolira sve druge usadke. Kortikalni čvor se nalazi u čelu, iznad desnog oka. Ukoliko se kortikalni čvor pokvari, Borg jedinka umire, jer se čvor ne može replicirati ili popraviti. Moguće ga je zamijeniti čvor ukoliko se kvar primijeti na vrijeme.
 
===Asimilacija===
 
[[File:Picard as Locutus.jpg|thumb|left|[[Patrick Stewart]] kao Locutus, asimilirani [[Jean-Luc Picard]]]]
'''Asimilacija''' je postupak kojim Borg integrira rase, kulturu, znanje i tehnologiju u svoj [[kolektivizam|Kolektiv]]. "Bit ćete asimilirani" je jedna od svega par fraza koje Borg koristi u komunikaciji s drugim vrstama. Borg je susreo i asimilirao tisuće vrsta i trilijarde pojedinaca kroz cijelu [[Mliječni put|galaksiju]]. Borg svakoj vrsti dodjeljuje broj tijekom prvog kontakta s njom.
 
Postupak asimilacije pojedinaca razlikuje se s vremenom. Jedina konstanta je da se novorođenčad i kronološki mladi humanoidi ubrzano postaruju i kirurški dobivaju implantate koji se ne mogu ukloniti bez umiranja pojedinca, jer su direktno povezani s mozgom. Također dobivaju očni usadak, prostetičku višenamjensku ruku, kao i osobni energetski oklop. Odrasli humanoidi se efektivnije asimiliraju ubrizgavanjem nanorobota u krv, kroz par tubula u ruci radilice.
 
<!--Assimilation by tubules is depicted on-screen as being a fast-acting process, with the victim's skin pigmentation turning gray with visible dark tracks forming within moments of contact. The individual is then taken away for complete assimilation by drones. Sometimes assimilated Borg have been noted to be neither male nor female.<ref>Zvjezdane staze: Nova generacija, Sezona 2, Epizoda 16 (Q tko?)</ref> One theory could be that their reproductive systems have been removed upon assimilation, yet drones such as Captain Picard and Seven of Nine are easily identified as male and female. Drones who have escaped the collective have also been shown to have a gender.
The individual has all traces of individuality removed and implants are attached to the new drone so it can become an integrated part of the collective. This method of assimilation is also shown to be much more surgical in nature.<ref>Star Trek: First Contact</ref> In ''Star Trek: First Contact'' a captured crew member is shown to have a forearm and an eye physically removed and replaced with cybernetic implants.
 
Because assimilation depends on nanoprobes, species with extremely advanced immune systems are able to resist assimilation. Thus far, [[Species 8472]] is the only race shown to be capable of completely rejecting assimilation attempts, but other species, such as the [[Hirogen]], have also proved more than a match, both physically and technologically against the Borg.<ref>Star Trek Voyager, season 3 episode 26 and Season 4 Episode 1 (Scorpion Parts 1 & 2)</ref> [[Phlox (Star Trek)|Phlox]] was able to partially resist the assimilation process in the ''[[Star Trek: Enterprise]]'' episode "[[Regeneration (Star Trek: Enterprise)|Regeneration]]".
 
Nanoprobes are microscopic machines that inhabit a Borg's body, bloodstream, and many cybernetic implants. The probes perform the function of maintaining the Borg cybernetic systems, as well as repairing damage to the organic parts of a Borg. They generate new technology inside a Borg when needed, as well as protecting them from many forms of disease. Borg nanoprobes, each about the size of a human [[red blood cell]], travel through the victim's bloodstream and latch on to individual [[cell (biology)|cells]]. The nanoprobes rewrite the cellular [[DNA]], altering the victim's biochemistry, and eventually form larger, more complicated structures and networks within the body such as electrical pathways, processing and data-storage nodes, and ultimately prosthetic devices that spring forth from the skin. In "[[Mortal Coil (Star Trek: Voyager)|Mortal Coil]]", Seven of Nine states that the Borg assimilated the nanoprobe technology from "Species 149".
 
Though used by the Borg to exert control over another being, reprogrammed nanoprobes were used by the crew of the starship ''Voyager'' in many instances as medical aids. In one instance, the probes were used to revive crewman [[Neelix]] 18 hours, 49 minutes, and 13 seconds after death by repairing his body, and are used to treat various visitors' ailments.
 
The capability of nanoprobes to absorb improved technologies they find into the Borg collective is shown in the ''Voyager'' episode "[[Drone (Star Trek: Voyager)|Drone]]", where [[Seven of Nine]]'s nanoprobes are fused with the Doctor's mobile emitter which uses technology from the 29th century of the history line of the Federation, creating an individual 29th-century drone existing outside the collective, with capabilities far surpassing that of late 24th-century drones. The attempt by the Borg to assimilate this drone is unsuccessful, so its enhanced capabilities are not disseminated throughout the collective.
 
The Borg do not try to immediately assimilate any being with which it comes to contact; in fact, Borg drones tend to completely ignore beings that are identified as too weak to be a threat and too inferior to be worth assimilating. Captain Picard and his team walk safely past a group of Borg drones in a scene from the film ''Star Trek: First Contact'' because they are unarmed, while the drones fulfill a programmed mission. In the ''Star Trek: Voyager'' episode "[[Mortal Coil (Star Trek: Voyager)|Mortal Coil]]", Seven of Nine told Neelix that the Kazon were "unworthy" of assimilation and would only detract from the Borg's quest for perceived perfection.-->
 
 
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