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'''''Ouranopithecus''''' je rod izumrlog euroazijskih velikih majmuna kojeg predstavljaju dvije vrste, ''[[Ouranopithecus macedoniensis]]'', kasni [[Miocen|miocenski]] (9,6–8,7 Ma) [[Čovjekoliki majmuni|hominoid]] iz [[Grčka|Grčke]] <ref>{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=Les primates hominoides du Vallesien de Macedoine (Grece): etude de la machoine inferieure|year=1977|journal=Geobios|volume=10|issue=6|pages=849–855}}</ref> i ''[[Ouranopithecus turkae]]'', također iz kasnog miocena (8,7–7,4 Ma) iz Turske. <ref name="Gulec2007">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Gulec|first=Erksin S.|title=A new great ape from the lower Miocene of Turkey|year=2007|journal=Anthropological Science|volume=115|issue=2|pages=153–158}}</ref>
| boja = pink
| naziv = Ouranopithecus
| slika = Ouranopithecus macedoniensis.jpg
| slika_opis = Lubanja ''[[Ouranopithecus macedoniensis]]a'', francuski [[Nacionalni prirodoslovni muzej (Francuska)|Nacionalni prirodoslovni muzej]], [[Pariz]]
| status = EX
| raspon_fosila = [[miocen]]
| regnum = [[Animalia]]
| phylum = [[Chordata]]
| classis = [[Mammalia]]
| ordo = [[Primates]]
| superfamilia = [[Čovjekoliki majmuni|Hominoidea]]
| familia = [[Hominidae]]
| subfamilia = [[Homininae]]
| genus = {{extinct}} '''Ouranopithecus'''
| genus_autorstvo = Bonis & Melentis, 1977
| razdioba_stupanj = Vrste
| razdioba = <div align=left>
* ''[[Ouranopithecus macedoniensis]]''
* ''[[Ouranopithecus turkae]]''
</div>
}}
'''''Ouranopithecus''''' je rod izumrlog euroazijskih velikih majmuna kojeg predstavljaju dvije vrste, ''[[Ouranopithecus macedoniensis]]'', kasni [[Miocen|miocenski]] (9,6–8,7 Ma) [[Čovjekoliki majmuni|hominoid]] iz [[Grčka|Grčke]] <ref>{{Citiranje časopisa|authorname=de "Bonis|first=Louis|title=Les primates hominoides du Vallesien de Macedoine (Grece): etude de la machoine inferieure|year=1977|journal=Geobios|volume=10|issue=6|pages=849–855}}<"/ref> i ''[[Ouranopithecus turkae]]'', također iz kasnog miocena (8,7–7,4 Ma) iz Turske. <ref name="Gulec2007">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Gulec|first=Erksin S.|title=A new great ape from the lower Miocene of Turkey|year=2007|journal=Anthropological Science|volume=115|issue=2|pages=153–158}}</ref>
 
== Sistematika ==
Na temelju zubne i facijalne [[Anatomija|anatomije]] ''O. macedoniensis'', sugerira se da je ''Ouranopithecus'' zapravo bio iz tribusa [[Dryopithecini]]. Međutim, vjerojatno je usko vezan uz [[Ponginae]]. <ref name="Alba2010">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Alba|first=D.M.|title=Enamel thickness in the middle Miocene great apes ''Anoiapithecus'', ''Picrolapithecus'' and ''Dryopithecus''|year=2010|journal=Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|volume=277|issue=1691|pages=2237–2245}}</ref> <ref name="Begun2005">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Begun|first=David R.|title=Relations among great apes and humans: New interpretations based on the fossil great ape ''Dryopithecus''|year=2005|journal=American Journal of Physical Anthropology|volume=37|pages=11–63}}</ref> Neki istraživači smatraju ''O. macedoniensis'' posljednjim zajedničkim pretkom majmuna i ljudi, <ref name="Bonis1990">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=New hominoid skull material from the late Miocene of Macedonia in Northern Greece|year=1990|journal=Nature|volume=345|issue=6277|pages=712–4}}</ref> i pretečom australopiteka i ljudi, <ref name="Bonis2004">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=''Ouranopithecus'' and dating the splitting of extant hominoids|year=2004|journal=Comptes Rendus Palevol|volume=3|issue=4|pages=257–264}}</ref> iako je to vrlo kontroverzno i nije široko prihvaćeno. Istina je da ''O. macedoniensis'' dijeli izvedena obilježja s nekim ranim [[Hominini|homininimahominini]]ma (poput frontalnog sinusa, šupljine na čelu), ali one gotovo sigurno nisu blisko povezane vrste. <ref name="Bonis1981">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=Dental metric variation in early Hominids comparison between ''Australopithecus afarensis'' and ''Ouranopithecus macedoniensis''|year=1981|journal=Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences|volume=292|pages=263–266}}</ref> Sugerira se da bi mogao biti [[Sinonim (taksonomija)|sinonim]] ''[[Graecopithecus freybergi]]'', <ref name="Andrews1984">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Andrews|first=Martin L.|title=The phylogenetic position of ''Graeceopithecus freybergi'' Koenigswald|year=1984|journal=Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg|volume=69|pages=25–40}}</ref> iako nema dovoljno podataka koji podupiru sinonimiju. <ref name="Koufos2005">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Koufos|first=George D.|title=The late Miocene Hominoids ''Ouranopithecus'' and ''Graeceopithecus''. Implications about their relationships and taxonomy|year=2005|journal=Annales de Paléontologie|volume=91|issue=3|pages=227–240}}</ref>
 
== Poveznice ==
 
== Izvori ==
{{Izvori|refs=
<ref name="Bonis 1977">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=Les primates hominoides du Vallesien de Macedoine (Grece): etude de la machoine inferieure|year=1977|journal=Geobios|volume=10|issue=6|pages=849–855}}</ref>
<ref name="Gulec2007">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Gulec|first=Erksin S.|title=A new great ape from the lower Miocene of Turkey|year=2007|journal=Anthropological Science|volume=115|issue=2|pages=153–158}}</ref>
<ref name="Alba2010">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Alba|first=D.M.|title=Enamel thickness in the middle Miocene great apes ''Anoiapithecus'', ''Picrolapithecus'' and ''Dryopithecus''|year=2010|journal=Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|volume=277|issue=1691|pages=2237–2245}}</ref>
<ref name="Begun2005">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Begun|first=David R.|title=Relations among great apes and humans: New interpretations based on the fossil great ape ''Dryopithecus''|year=2005|journal=American Journal of Physical Anthropology|volume=37|pages=11–63}}</ref>
<ref name="Bonis1990">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=New hominoid skull material from the late Miocene of Macedonia in Northern Greece|year=1990|journal=Nature|volume=345|issue=6277|pages=712–4}}</ref>
<ref name="Bonis2004">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=''Ouranopithecus'' and dating the splitting of extant hominoids|year=2004|journal=Comptes Rendus Palevol|volume=3|issue=4|pages=257–264}}</ref>
<ref name="Bonis1981">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=de Bonis|first=Louis|title=Dental metric variation in early Hominids comparison between ''Australopithecus afarensis'' and ''Ouranopithecus macedoniensis''|year=1981|journal=Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences|volume=292|pages=263–266}}</ref>
<ref name="Andrews1984">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Andrews|first=Martin L.|title=The phylogenetic position of ''Graeceopithecus freybergi'' Koenigswald|year=1984|journal=Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg|volume=69|pages=25–40}}</ref>
<ref name="Koufos2005">{{Citiranje časopisa|author=Koufos|first=George D.|title=The late Miocene Hominoids ''Ouranopithecus'' and ''Graeceopithecus''. Implications about their relationships and taxonomy|year=2005|journal=Annales de Paléontologie|volume=91|issue=3|pages=227–240}}</ref>
}}
 
== Vanjske poveznice ==
* [http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-evolution-timeline-interactive Ljudska vremenska crta (interaktivna)] - [[Smithsonian Institution|Smithsonian]], [[Nacionalni prirodoslovni muzej]] (kolovoz 2016.).
 
* [http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-evolution-timeline-interactive Ljudska vremenska crta (interaktivna)] - [[Smithsonian Institution|Smithsonian]], [[Nacionalni prirodoslovni muzej]] (kolovoz 2016.).
[[Kategorija:Čovjekoliki majmuni]]