Agava

Agava (loparina; lat. Agave) je biljni rod nekad pripisivan vlastitoj porodici Agavaceae, a danas porodici Asparagaceae i potporodici Agavoideae. Rodu Agave pripada 200 vrsta.

Agava
Agave americana
Agave americana
Sistematika
Carstvo: Plantae
Divizija: Magnoliophyta
Razred: Liliopsida
Red: Asparagales
Porodica: Asparagaceae
Potporodica: Agavoideae
Rod: Agave
L., 1753.

Uglavnom raste u Meksiku, premda se može pronaći u južnim i zapadnim dijelovima Sjedinjenih Američkih Država i središnjim i tropskim dijelovima Južne Amerike. Ove biljke imaju velike rozete mesnatih listova, koji uglavnom imaju oštar vrh i bodljikav rub. Debela stabljika je obično kratka, a čini se kao da listovi rastu izravno iz korijena. Uz biljke iz bliskog roda Yucca, razne vrste agave popularne su kao ukrasne biljke.

Svaka rozeta jednom cvijeta, a zatim uvene. Tijekom cvatnje, visoka stabljika raste iz središta biljke i nosi veliki broj malih cvjetova. Nakon donošenja ploda, prvobitna biljka uvene, ali mladice često nastaju iz osnove stabljike od kojih nastaje nova biljka. Zbog ovoga se često pogrešno misli, da je agava kaktus.

Alkoholno piće tequila radi se od agave.

VrsteUredi

  1. Agave abisaii A.Vázquez & Nieves
  2. Agave acicularis Trel.
  3. Agave acklinicola Trel.
  4. Agave × ajoensis W.C.Hodgs.
  5. Agave aktites Gentry
  6. Agave albescens Trel.
  7. Agave alboaustralis (E.Solano & Ríos-Gómez) Thiede
  8. Agave albomarginata Gentry
  9. Agave albopilosa I.Cabral, Villarreal & A.E.Estrada
  10. Agave americana L.
  11. Agave andreae Sahagún & A.Vázquez
  12. Agave angustiarum Trel.
  13. Agave angustifolia Haw.
  14. Agave anomala Trel.
  15. Agave antillarum Descourt.
  16. Agave apedicellata Thiede & Eggli
  17. Agave applanata K.Koch
  18. Agave arcedianoensis Cházaro, O.M.Valencia & A.Vázquez
  19. Agave × arizonica Gentry & J.H.Weber
  20. Agave arubensis Hummelinck
  21. Agave asperrima Jacobi
  22. Agave atrovirens Karw. ex Salm-Dyck
  23. Agave attenuata Salm-Dyck
  24. Agave aurea Brandegee
  25. Agave avellanidens Trel.
  26. Agave azurea R.H.Webb & G.D.Starr
  27. Agave bahamana Trel.
  28. Agave bicolor (E.Solano & García-Mend.) Thiede & Eggli
  29. Agave boldinghiana Trel.
  30. Agave bovicornuta Gentry
  31. Agave braceana Trel.
  32. Agave bracteosa S.Watson ex Engelm.
  33. Agave brevipetala Trel.
  34. Agave brevispina Trel.
  35. Agave brittoniana Trel.
  36. Agave brunnea S.Watson
  37. Agave bulbulifera (Castillejos & E.Solano) Thiede
  38. Agave bulliana (Baker) Thiede & Eggli
  39. Agave cacozela Trel.
  40. Agave cajalbanensis A.Álvarez
  41. Agave calodonta A.Berger
  42. Agave cantala (Haw.) Roxb. ex Salm-Dyck
  43. Agave caribaeicola Trel.
  44. Agave caymanensis Proctor
  45. Agave cerulata Trel.
  46. Agave chamelensis (E.J.Lott & Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  47. Agave chazaroi A.Vázquez & O.M.Valencia
  48. Agave chiapensis Jacobi
  49. Agave chrysantha Peebles
  50. Agave chrysoglossa I.M.Johnst.
  51. Agave cocui Trel.
  52. Agave coetocapnia (M.Roem.) Govaerts & Thiede
  53. Agave collina Greenm.
  54. Agave colorata Gentry
  55. Agave confertiflora Thiede & Eggli
  56. Agave congesta Gentry
  57. Agave convallis Trel.
  58. Agave cundinamarcensis A.Berger
  59. Agave cupreata Trel. & A.Berger
  60. Agave dasylirioides Jacobi & C.D.Bouché
  61. Agave datylio F.A.C.Weber
  62. Agave debilis A.Berger
  63. Agave decipiens Baker
  64. Agave delamateri W.C.Hodgs. & Slauson
  65. Agave demeesteriana Jacobi
  66. Agave deserti Engelm.
  67. Agave difformis A.Berger
  68. Agave doctorensis L.Hern. & Magallán
  69. Agave dolichantha Thiede & Eggli
  70. Agave durangensis Gentry
  71. Agave dussiana Trel.
  72. Agave eggersiana Trel.
  73. Agave ellemeetiana Jacobi
  74. Agave ensifera Jacobi
  75. Agave evadens Trel.
  76. Agave felgeri Gentry
  77. Agave filifera Salm-Dyck
  78. Agave flexispina Trel.
  79. Agave fortiflora Gentry
  80. Agave fourcroydes Lem.
  81. Agave funkiana K.Koch & C.D.Bouché
  82. Agave fusca (Ravenna) Thiede & Eggli
  83. Agave galvaniae (A.Castañeda, S.Franco & García-Mend.) Etter & Kristen
  84. Agave garciae-mendozae Galván & L.Hern.
  85. Agave geminiflora (Tagl.) Ker Gawl.
  86. Agave gentryi B.Ullrich
  87. Agave ghiesbreghtii Verschaff.
  88. Agave gigantensis Gentry
  89. Agave gilbertii A.Berger
  90. Agave × glomeruliflora (Engelm.) A.Berger
  91. Agave gomezpompae Cházaro & Jimeno-Sevilla
  92. Agave gracielae Galvan & Zamudio
  93. Agave gracilipes Trel.
  94. Agave gracillima A.Berger
  95. Agave graminifolia (Rose) Govaerts & Thiede
  96. Agave grisea Trel.
  97. Agave guadalajarana Trel.
  98. Agave guerrerensis (Matuda) G.D.Rowley
  99. Agave guiengola Gentry
  100. Agave guttata Jacobi & C.D.Bouché
  101. Agave gypsicola
  102. Agave gypsophila Gentry
  103. Agave harrisii Trel.
  104. Agave hauniensis J.B.Petersen
  105. Agave havardiana Trel.
  106. Agave hiemiflora Gentry
  107. Agave hookeri Jacobi
  108. Agave horrida Lem. ex Jacobi
  109. Agave howardii (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  110. Agave hurteri Trel.
  111. Agave impressa Gentry
  112. Agave inaequidens K.Koch
  113. Agave inaguensis Trel.
  114. Agave indagatorum Trel.
  115. Agave intermixta Trel.
  116. Agave involuta (McVaugh) Thiede & Eggli
  117. Agave isthmensis A.García-Mend. & F.Palma
  118. Agave jaiboli Gentry
  119. Agave jaliscana (Rose) A.Berger
  120. Agave jarucoensis A.Álvarez
  121. Agave jimenoi Cházaro & A.Vázquez
  122. Agave justosierrana (García-Mend.) Thiede
  123. Agave karatto Mill.
  124. Agave karwinskii Zucc.
  125. Agave kavandivi García-Mend. & C.Chávez
  126. Agave kerchovei Lem.
  127. Agave kewensis Jacobi
  128. Agave kristenii A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  129. Agave lagunae Trel.
  130. Agave lecheguilla Torr.
  131. Agave littoralis (García-Mend., A.Castañeda & S.Franco) Thiede & Eggli
  132. Agave longibracteata (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  133. Agave longiflora (Rose) G.D.Rowley
  134. Agave longipes Trel.
  135. Agave macroacantha Zucc.
  136. Agave maculata Regel
  137. Agave madrensis Villarreal, Ram.-Gam. & A.E.Estrada
  138. Agave manantlanicola Cuevas & Santana-Michel
  139. Agave mapisaga Trel.
  140. Agave margaritae Brandegee
  141. Agave marmorata Roezl
  142. Agave maximiliana Baker
  143. Agave mckelveyana Gentry
  144. Agave melanacantha Lem. ex Jacobi
  145. Agave michoacana (M.Cedano, Delgad. & Enciso) Thiede & Eggli
  146. Agave microceps (Kimnach) A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  147. Agave millspaughii Trel.
  148. Agave minor Proctor
  149. Agave missionum Trel.
  150. Agave mitis Mart.
  151. Agave montana Villarreal
  152. Agave montium-sancticaroli García-Mend.
  153. Agave moranii Gentry
  154. Agave multicolor (E.Solano & Dávila) Thiede
  155. Agave multifilifera Gentry
  156. Agave murpheyi Gibson
  157. Agave nanchititlensis (Matuda) ined.
  158. Agave nashii Trel.
  159. Agave nayaritensis Gentry
  160. Agave neocernua Thiede
  161. Agave neonelsonii Thiede & Eggli
  162. Agave neopringlei Thiede & Eggli
  163. Agave nickelsiae Rol.-Goss.
  164. Agave nizandensis Cutak
  165. Agave nuusaviorum García-Mend.
  166. Agave oaxacana (García-Mend. & E.Solano) Thiede
  167. Agave obscura Schiede ex Schltdl.
  168. Agave ocahui Gentry
  169. Agave offoyana De Smet ex Jacobi
  170. Agave ornithobroma Gentry
  171. Agave oroensis Gentry
  172. Agave ortgiesiana (Baker) Trel.
  173. Agave ovatifolia G.D.Starr & Villarreal
  174. Agave pablocarrilloi A.Vázquez, Muñiz-Castro & Padilla-Lepe
  175. Agave pachycentra Trel.
  176. Agave palmeri Engelm.
  177. Agave palustris (Rose) Thiede & Eggli
  178. Agave panamana Trel.
  179. Agave paniculata (L.Hern., R.A.Orellana & Carnevali) Thiede
  180. Agave papyrocarpa Trel.
  181. Agave parrasana A.Berger
  182. Agave parryi Engelm.
  183. Agave parva (Aarón Rodr.) Thiede
  184. Agave parvidentata Trel.
  185. Agave parviflora Torr.
  186. Agave pax Gir.-Cañas
  187. Agave peacockii Croucher
  188. Agave pelona Gentry
  189. Agave pendula Schnittsp.
  190. Agave petiolata Trel.
  191. Agave petrophila A.García-Mend. & E.Martínez
  192. Agave petskinil (R.A.Orellana, L.Hern. & Carnevali) Thiede
  193. Agave phillipsiana W.C.Hodgs.
  194. Agave pintilla S.González, M.González & L.Reséndiz
  195. Agave planifolia S.Watson
  196. Agave platyphylla (Rose) Thiede & Eggli
  197. Agave polianthes Thiede & Eggli
  198. Agave polianthiflora Gentry
  199. Agave polyacantha Haw.
  200. Agave potatorum Zucc.
  201. Agave potosina B.L.Rob. & Greenm.
  202. Agave potreriana Trel.
  203. Agave pratensis A.Berger
  204. Agave pringlei Engelm. ex Baker
  205. Agave producta Thiede & Eggli
  206. Agave pubescens Regel & Ortgies
  207. Agave × pumila De Smet ex Baker
  208. Agave quilae (Art.Castro & Aarón Rodr.) Thiede & Govaerts
  209. Agave revoluta Klotzsch
  210. Agave rhodacantha Trel.
  211. Agave rosei Thiede & Eggli
  212. Agave rovelliana Tod.
  213. Agave rutteniae Hummelinck
  214. Agave rzedowskiana P.Carrillo, Vega & R.Delgad.
  215. Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck
  216. Agave scabra Ortega
  217. Agave scaposa Gentry
  218. Agave schidigera Lem.
  219. Agave schneideriana A.Berger
  220. Agave schottii Engelm.
  221. Agave sebastiana Greene
  222. Agave seemanniana Jacobi
  223. Agave shaferi Trel.
  224. Agave shawii Engelm.
  225. Agave shrevei Gentry
  226. Agave sileri (Verh.-Will.) Thiede & Eggli
  227. Agave singuliflora (S.Watson) A.Berger
  228. Agave sisalana Perrine
  229. Agave sobolifera Houtt.
  230. Agave sobria Brandegee
  231. Agave spicata Cav.
  232. Agave stictata Thiede & Eggli
  233. Agave striata Zucc.
  234. Agave stricta Salm-Dyck
  235. Agave stringens Trel.
  236. Agave subsimplex Trel.
  237. Agave tecta Trel.
  238. Agave temacapulinensis A.Vázquez & Cházaro
  239. Agave tenuifolia Zamudio & E.Sánchez
  240. Agave tequilana F.A.C.Weber
  241. Agave thomasiae Trel.
  242. Agave titanota Gentry
  243. Agave toumeyana Trel.
  244. Agave triangularis Jacobi
  245. Agave tubulata Trel.
  246. Agave turneri R.H.Webb & Salazar-Ceseña
  247. Agave umbrophila (García-Mend.) Thiede
  248. Agave underwoodii Trel.
  249. Agave undulata Klotzsch
  250. Agave univittata Haw.
  251. Agave utahensis Engelm.
  252. Agave valenciana Cházaro & A.Vázquez
  253. Agave variegata Jacobi
  254. Agave vazquezgarciae Cházaro & J.A.Lomelí
  255. Agave vera-cruz Mill.
  256. Agave verdensis W.C.Hodgs. & Salywon
  257. Agave verhoekiae (García-Mend.) Thiede
  258. Agave vicina Trel.
  259. Agave victoriae-reginae T.Moore
  260. Agave vilmoriniana A.Berger
  261. Agave virginica L.
  262. Agave vivipara L.
  263. Agave vizcainoensis Gentry
  264. Agave wallisii Jacobi
  265. Agave warelliana De Smet ex T.Moore & Mast.
  266. Agave weberi J.F.Cels ex J.Poiss.
  267. Agave wercklei F.A.C.Weber ex Wercklé
  268. Agave wildingii Tod.
  269. Agave wocomahi Gentry
  270. Agave xylonacantha Salm-Dyck
  271. Agave yavapaiensis W.C.Hodgs. & Salywon
  272. Agave zapopanensis (E.Solano & Ríos-Gómez) Thiede
  273. Agave zebra Gentry
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